Splendid and exquisitely elegant chrysanthemums: they are flowering right now to add a splash of colour to our autumn.
Known throughout the world as the “Daisy with 16 petals”, chrysanthemums prefer a temperate climate but can also cope with the cold.
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Chrysanthemums, part of the Chrysanthemum genus within the Compositae botanical family are truly splendid flowers that are available in a range of varieties and can be found growing in the Albenga area.
Originally from China, they arrived in Europe during the seventeen-hundreds.
A plant with flowers in a multitude of colours ranging from red and yellow through to white and pink and an infinity of subtle nuances, the chrysanthemum is so similar to the daisy that it is widely known as the “Daisy with 6 petals”.
Simple to grow, the majority of chrysanthemums flower in autumn, although a few precocious species flower as early as July.
Chrysanthemums: care and growing
This plant can easily tolerate cold winters with the help of a little mulching but they are really fonder of a hot, temperate and ventilated climate.
For optimum growth, they require sunshine and a well-drained, pH neutral soil.
These splendidly coloured flowers have quite a thirst but suffer stagnant water. As a result, it is advisable to check that the soil is dry before the next watering.
In order to flower, they require a reduction in the hours of daylight; in fact, the first flowers normally appear between October and November. This is good news for us as they can be used to add a splash of colour to balconies and gardens in a period in which most other plants are bare.
Before the climate becomes too rigid, these plants should be pruned to remove the dead stalks, leaving roughly 10 centimetres of plant above the soil surface.
Across the world, the chrysanthemum signifies joy; their association with mourning is particular to Italy but only during the flowering period.